Surgical treatment is recommended in case of complications in the form of abscesses. If the lesions are small, your doctor will perform a needle puncture. Larger abscesses require drainage. In some cases, prostate diseases can be prevented. The basis is to reduce the risk factors on which we have a real impact.
In particular, we are talking about: smoking, bad dietary habits and reducing stressful situations. No less important is systematic physical activity. It is very important to avoid activities that can cause compression of the prostate gland-talk here m.in. a sedentary lifestyle and activities such as cycling.
In the diagnosis of prostate cancer
Doctors also recommend giving up carbonated drinks, spicy foods, as well as quitting smoking and limiting the amount of alcohol consumed.
Stress plays a big role in the pathogenesis of prostate diseases. People who are excessively exposed to stressful situations are recommended to use methods of coping with stress, such as physical activity, yoga, acupuncture. In extreme cases, your doctor may recommend the use of antidepressants and muscle relaxants. Psychotherapy is also worth considering.
One of the risk factors for the development of prostate diseases are sexually transmitted diseases (especially in homosexual relationships). They increase the risk of transmission of pathogens (bacteria, viruses and fungi) that may contribute to m.in. inflammation of the prostate. For this reason, it is recommended to use a condom, which as the only means of contraception, prevents venereal diseases. Mechanical injuries can also contribute to diseases of the prostate gland, therefore, when stimulating the anus, it is recommended to use lubricants.
At the same time, when choosing a lubricant, pay attention to its composition-it should be devoid of artificial substances, since they can cause the opposite effect from the intended. It is best to look for in its composition of natural substances: water, aloe and hyaluronic acid.
Prostate cancer is, next to lung cancer, the most common malignant cancer in men. It is especially dangerous because at the initial stage of development it does not give any symptoms. Later symptoms resemble prostatitis. Among the risk factors for the development of prostate cancer can be identified:
- Age (prostate cancer usually occurs after 65. age).
- Genetic predisposition.
- Diet (rich in dairy and saturated fatty acids).
- Venereal diseases.
- Lack of physical activity.
- Smoking cigarettes.
Whose expression on prostate cancer?
Occupational exposure (exposure m.in. for chromium, lead, cadmium, arsenic). Effective treatment of patients with prostate cancer remains a challenge for clinicians. The achievement of recent years is the ability to choose the appropriate treatment method based on the results of diagnostic studies.
In the diagnosis of prostate cancer, a number of different radiopharmaceuticals are used: [18F/11C] — choline, 11c-acetate, [18F]f-fluciclovine (FACBC), testosterone derivatives, [18F]FCL or the classic radiopharmaceutical for the evaluation of metastatic changes to the bone — 99mTc-phosphonates. Currently, however, the most important is the prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA), whose expression on prostate cancer cells is significantly increased.
Prostate cancer – assessment of disease progression and metastatic changes.
In prostate cancer, the [68Ga]ga-PSMA PET test is used both in the initial diagnosis of disease progression and in the diagnosis of recurrent cancer. Taking into account the pharmacoeconomic aspects and the possibility of using other imaging techniques, it has been shown that in the initial diagnosis the study plays a clinical role in patients in whom the results of other imaging methods are correct or inconclusive, and the concentration of PSA exceeds 20 µg/ml. Scintigraphic examination reveals unrecognized metastatic foci in this group of patients.