Symptoms of a diseased prostate should not be underestimated, because although in most cases they indicate inflammation, they can also indicate a tumor of this part of the male genitourinary system. For this reason, when the first symptoms of prostatitis appear, you should go to the urologist and perform a number of basic preventive examinations.
The most common and at the same time the most effective examination of the prostate gland is per rectum (finger through the rectum). This is followed by sowing and urinalysis. If the result is positive, additional tests are performed-ultrasound, and if necessary, pelvic or abdominal CT and urography. Your doctor may also order a cystoscopy or uroflometry.
The doctor massages the prostate cancer
If the semen is negative, a sample of the secretion of the prostate gland is examined. In order to obtain it, the doctor massages the prostate cancer with his finger for about 60 seconds (the secretion flows out of the urethra). The sample shall be subjected to microscopic examination and a culture shall be carried out. If there are bacteria in the secretions, the test will give a positive result. PSA blood levels are also sometimes recommended. Prostatitis is most often accompanied by an overestimated result.
Symptoms accompanying an acute form of prostatitis quite clearly indicate this ailment. For confirmation, a transubstantial examination is performed.
In the event that the patient has difficulty urinating, the urologist orders a sowing and a general urine test. However, a negative result does not indicate that there was no bacterial infection of the prostate. If the patient is feverish and the symptoms are severe, performing a prostate cancer massage to obtain a sample of the secretions is not possible. This should only be done if the symptoms are mild.
Endoscopic or imaging examinations are performed when complications of inflammation or abnormalities in the genitourinary system are suspected.
Prostatitis and its treatment
Treatment of prostatitis depends primarily on the underlying disease. If the prostate cancer gland has been affected by a bacterial infection, it can be effectively treated with antibiotics. Oral preparations of the fluoroquinolone group or sulfamethoxazole + trimethoprim are used. Treatment lasts at least 4 weeks. In the first phase of treatment, anti-inflammatory and analgesic drugs, as well as preparations that improve the outflow of urine from the bladder, are also often used. If tests show the presence of prostate stones or if there is an outbreak of chronic infection in the prostate that does not respond to antibiotics, the urologist may decide that surgical treatment is necessary.
If tests show the presence of prostate cancer stones or if there is an outbreak of chronic infection in the prostate cancer that does not respond to antibiotics, the urologist may decide that surgical treatment is necessary.
Acute prostatitis requires immediate (without waiting for the results of the tests) treatment with antibiotics. If the general symptoms are severe or if you also suffer from other illnesses, your doctor may decide to hospitalise you. If after 3 days there is no improvement in the patient’s condition, the antibiotic is changed to another. Initially, supportive drugs are used-antipyretic, analgesic and anti-inflammatory. Mild laxatives are also often recommended to prevent constipation. It is important that during treatment the patient remains in bed and takes a large amount of fluids.